Based on recent research in the ERNW IPv6 lab and with our MLD talk looming we’ve put together a (as we think) comprehensive document discussing how to thoroughly test MLD implementations in various components (network devices or servers/clients). We hope it can contribute to a better understanding of the protocol and that it can serve as either a checklist for your own environment or as a source of inspiration for researchers looking at MLD themselves.
Originating from a customer IPv6 deployment project, in early 2014 we defined a number of requirements as for the IPv6 capabilities of IPAM solutions, with a certain focus on security-related requirements (due to the specific environment of the project). We subsequently performed a practical evaluation of several commercial solutions, based on documentation, lab implementation and vendor communication.
To contribute to the current debate on IPv6 route deaggregation & “strict-filtering” performed by certain ISPs we just released a white paper on “Dynamics of IPv6 Prefixes within the LIR Scope in the RIPE NCC Region“. I will give a talk on the overall topic later today at the Routing Working Group. We sincerely hope that the IPv6 community becomes aware of the inherent issues, and that practical solutions can be found which consider & meet the needs of the different parties involved.
It’s been a long time… we just published an ERNW Newsletter. Here’s the abstract:
In order to protect sensitive data on corporate laptops, most companies are using full disk encryption solutions. While native encryption products like Microsoft Bitlocker, Apple FileVault and open source solutions like TrueCrypt were already heavily scrutinized by security researchers, many popular commercial third party products are to some point still black boxes.
In this paper, we discuss Check Point Full Disk Encryption (FDE) with active “Windows Integrated Logon”. Checkpoint FDE is a software package that is part of Check Point Endpoint Security and offers full disk encryption on Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X systems. The “Windows Integrated Logon” feature reduces total cost of ownership by disabling pre-boot authentication. Check Point themselves warn about security risk associated with using this feature.
We argue that missing TPM integration and integrity checks make Check Point FDE with activated ”Windows Integrated Logon“ highly insecure against sophisticated attackers. Furthermore, we demonstrate the extraction of AES encryption
keys on a running system and subsequent decryption of the encrypted disk. Our analysis is limited to Check Point FDE v.7.4.9 on Windows operating systems and was performed during a penetration test of an encrypted customer enterprise laptop. Therefore, we concentrate on the client architecture and ignore other aspects like enterprise management interfaces.
Recommendations by the German Federal Office for Information Security (BSI – Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik) are obligatory for German government agencies, civil services and authorities (like recommendations of the NIST are relevant to American government agencies and authorities). They are often used as references and security best practices in other countries as well. Hence it is hard to understand why the recommendations on how to harden Windows Server 2008 based systems were published only some weeks ago and only on a preliminary draft basis (which is, obviously, better than nothing ;-)).
We at ERNW, however, did an overall baseline security approach of Windows Server 2008 R2 and Active Directory for a large German authority last year. The aim was to fullfil the requirements of the German Federal Office for Information Security without having precise technical guidelines by the BSI itself (from our side we do have guidelines of course ;-)). The hardened Windows Server 2008 R2 environment was then approved at the end of 2011 by the German BSI. Now we published the results of our overall approach in our latest newsletter [German language].
PS: There’s also a digitally signed version of the newsletter. (Because it is signed with a qualified certificate, the validation requires an appropriate validation software, for example SecSigner from SecCommerce – which is free software).
On Friday we released our latest technical newsletter with the fancy title “Sell Your Own Device – A Field Study on Decommissioning of Mobile Devices”. It is the result of a field study on decommissioned mobile business devices bought on eBay and about how stored data may be extracted in different ways.
As always we love to share plenty of practical advise: At the end of the newsletter you will find the mitigating controls to securely handle mobile devices at the end of their life cycle process.
Find the newsletter here. And a digitally signed version here.
Special thanks go to Sergej Schmidt for performing the field study.
Talking about our great team: Meet the whole ERNW crew at TROOPERS12, or even better: Dig deeper into mobile security together with Rene Graf during the mobile security workshop. There are a few slots left.
Enjoy the newsletter & hopefully see you soon in Heidelberg! Florian
On last year’s TROOPERS11, Matthias (mluft) and I gave a talk on Multifunction Devices. Hardly surprising: It was related to the state of secure operation of MFDs. It was heavily motivated by experiences we collected out in the wild. We faced a frightening low level of awareness concerning the role of MFDs for the overall security picture – in particular regarding the processing of sensitive data…
However, instead of only showing and proving well-known weaknesses and vulnerabilities, we decided to adapt ERNW’s Seven Sistersmodel in order to match the needs of secure MFD operation and to develop some kind of guideline. As Matthias already lost some words on this, I’m not gonna waste your valuable time by repeating, what has already been said. However I described our approach and our thoughts on that topic in a recently published ERNW Newsletter. If for what ever reason you didn’t see our talk or even didn’t attend TROOPERS11 at all, have a look on Newsletter 37 and give us feedback on what you think about the whole topic…
Btw: Enno just wrote some lines about what’s so special about the TROOPERS conference. In case you might want to discuss mentioned and related topics at first hand, think about joining TROOPERS12. For our part, we cannot wait to come together at Heidelberg next March.
We recently performed a Proof-of-Concept (PoC) implementation of certificate based auth with iPads in some large environment. So far the focus has been mainly on WLAN access; VPN and EAS authentication are going to follow in the next step.
As we figure that the topic might be of interest for some of you, we’ve extracted a certain, not-too-customer-specific part of the deliverable and converted it into an ERNW newsletter. Special thanks go to Rene Graf for leading the project! 😉
Of course, this stuff is going to be covered in much more detail in the Troopers12 edition of our “iOS Security Workshop” (see here for the agenda of this year or here for a German version of the current one).