Breaking

ManiMed: Philips Medizin Systeme Böblingen GmbH – IntelliVue System Vulnerabilities

Manipulating Medical Devices

The Federal Office for Information Security (BSI) aims to sensitize manufacturers and the public regarding security risks of networked medical devices in Germany. In response to the often fatal security reports and press releases of networked medical devices, the BSI initiated the project Manipulation of Medical Devices (ManiMed) in 2019. In this project, a security analysis of selected products is carried out through security assessments followed by Coordinated Vulnerability Diclosure (CVD) processes. The project report was published on December 31, 2020, and can be accessed on the BSI website [1].

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Breaking

ManiMed: Market Analysis

Manipulating Medical Devices

The Federal Office for Information Security (BSI) aims to sensitize manufacturers and the public regarding security risks of networked medical devices in Germany. In response to the often fatal security reports and press releases of networked medical devices, the BSI initiated the project Manipulation of Medical Devices (ManiMed) in 2019. In this project, a security analysis of selected products is carried out through security assessments followed by Coordinated Vulnerability Diclosure (CVD) processes. The project report was published on December 31, 2020, and can be accessed on the BSI website [1].

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Building

ERNW White Paper 70 – HL7 FHIR: Preserving Distributed Resource Integrity

With this blog post I am pleased to announce the publication of a new ERNW White Paper about the HL7 FHIR communication standard.

Introduction

Digital networking is already widespread in many areas of life. More and more medical devices are also being networked in the healthcare industry. This growth makes the development and use of new medical communication standards necessary since existing solutions can only meet the changing requirements with great effort. The HL7 FHIR standard is an example of such a medical communication standard. FHIR is said to have increased the interoperability between different medical contexts,e.g., administration, billing, and clinical care, to enable data exchange of various systems. The FHIR standard addresses the security risks associated with strongly networked communication from a large number of systems across the trust and organizational boundaries only indirectly because FHIR does not define mandatory security controls or requirements.

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Misc

Apps on Prescription?! – Perspectives on Digital Health Applications (DiGA)

Some time ago, we carried out an evaluation of the Digital Health Applications Ordinance (Digitale-Gesundheitsanwendungen-Verordnung, DiGAV) for the Federal Chamber of Psychotherapists in Germany (Bundespsychotherapeutenkammer, BPtK) focusing on the security of digital health applications, often referred to as apps on prescription.

The audit was intended to determine to which extent security guidelines, security objectives, and best practices are adhered to by the requirements formulated by the ordinance, thus enabling the foundations to securely operate digital health applications. The main subject of the examination is whether requirements, including procedural requirements defined in the ordinance are sufficient to ensure security of digital health applications. The examination has shown that the requirements can be seen as positive. However, in order to be able to make reliable statements about the IT security of digital healthcare applications, further details and mechanisms should be clarified within the ordinance, which I would like to present in the following.

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Breaking

ERNW White Paper 69 – Safety Impact of Vulnerabilities in Insulin Pumps

With this blog post I am pleased to announce the publication of a new ERNW White Paper [1]. The paper is about severe vulnerabilities in an insulin pump we assessed during project ManiMed and we are proud to publish this subset of the results today.

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Breaking

Medical Device Security: HL7v2 Injections in Patient Monitors

Digital networking is already widespread in many areas of life. In the healthcare industry, a clear trend towards networked devices is noticeable, so that the number of high-tech medical devices in hospitals is steadily increasing.

In this blog post, we want to elucidate a vulnerability we identified during the security assessment of a patient monitor. The device sends HL7 v2.x messages, such as observation results to HL7 v2.x capable electronic medical record (EMR) systems. A user with malicious intent can tamper these messages. As HL7 v2.x is a common medical communication standard, we also want to present how this kind of vulnerability may be mitigated. The assessment was part of the BSI project ManiMed, which we would like to present in the following section.

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Events

DMEA 2019: A reunion with the Medical Informatics Community

Earlier this month I attended the Digital Medical Expertise & Applications (DMEA) 2019. The DMEA fair in Berlin (formerly conhIT) is the central platform for digital health care as it brings together companies of health IT, academic institutions, politics and healthcare delivery organizations in several format such as innovation hubs and talks during congress sessions as a part of the industry fair. I participated in a congress session about IT security in healthcare with a talk about medical device security and common security flaws in medical devices. Some of the aspects have also been covered in my talk at #TR19 [1].

As a follow-up of the very fruitful discussions between people from the car industry and medical device security folks in the IoT roundtable session from #TR19 I wanted to share my experiences and insights from the DMEA with you.

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Misc

Motivational Aspects and Privacy Concerns on Wearables in the German Running Community

Today I am proud to announce that another paper of my former colleagues from Heilbronn University and me was published in one of the journals with the highest impact factor for Medical Informatics research called JMIR mHealth and uHealth. There is a reason why we published in this journal besides its informatics focus. The journal is an open access journal. That means that readers are not charged on a pay-per-view basis or other business models to access the full text of the paper. In return, the authors need to pay publication fees. In my opinion restricting access to academic research is not a way to go. I think this isn’t a thing we see in the security community often anyway. But this is and was the standard in academia for years.

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Events

GI Sicherheit 2018 Conference

Last week (25th – 27th April), I attended the “Sicherheit 2018” in Konstanz which is the annual meeting of the security community of the Gesellschaft für Informatik e.V. (GI) in Germany. The conference is in equal proportions attended by researchers and people of the industry working in security-related disciplines which lead to lively and pleasant discussions conversations. Continue reading “GI Sicherheit 2018 Conference”

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