Diving into EMET

Last week, we decided to take a look onto the EMET library provided by Microsoft. This library is intended to introduce several security features to applications which are not explicitly compiled to use them.

It also adds an additional layer to protect against typical exploiting techniques by filtering library calls, preventing usage of dangerous functions/components and inserting mitigation technologies.

As EMET is already a target for many researchers, we currently only started to get an overview of it’s structure and how the different components are interacting with each other. Today we would like to share some of our results with you.

Continue reading “Diving into EMET”

Continue reading

Mind The Gap – Exploit Free Whitelisting Evasion Tactics

At the Troopers 16 Casey Smith has given a talk about the gap in Application Whitelisting.

Application Whitelisting is a technique that should prevent malware and unauthorized applications from running. Broadly speaking this is implemented by deciding if an application is trusted or not before executing it. Casey’s talk gave an understanding where this whitelisiting fails down.

Continue reading “Mind The Gap – Exploit Free Whitelisting Evasion Tactics”

Continue reading

Some Things to Consider when Using EMET

In the light of the recent release of version 5.0 of Microsoft’s Enhanced Mitigation Experience Toolkit (EMET) on July 31, it seems to be more than appropriate to talk a bit about the new features and some general things to take into account when using EMET (for the new certificate pinning feature of EMET 4.0, see Friedwart’s comment). For all of you who don’t know EMET, in short, it’s a free mitigation tool for Windows developed by Microsoft, helping the user by preventing vulnerabilities in software from being successfully exploited. The tool works by protecting applications via a number of security mitigation technologies, vastly extending Windows operating system mitigation capabilities as Data Execution Prevention (DEP) and Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR).

Continue reading “Some Things to Consider when Using EMET”

Continue reading

EMET v4.0 with New Certificate Trust Feature Released

Microsoft released EMET v4.0  with a new (security) feature that enables protection against fraudulent websites or compromised root certification authorities (do you remember Comodo, DigiNotar, DigiCert, Turktrust et al. ;-)?)

EMET defines via “certificate trust“ a trust chain between the domain name of a website (and its associated website certificate) and a root CA certificate. This is done through so called “pinning rules”. Here is one of the default pinning rules of EMET 4.0 for the domain name

Continue reading “EMET v4.0 with New Certificate Trust Feature Released”

Continue reading